In Depth: Lens Flare Plug-ins for After Effects, Part 1 of 5


By Michele Yamazaki on Aug 23, 2012 at 09:41 AM

More than you ever wanted to know about Lens Flares! This is the first of a 5 part series and will give an overview of lens flares and the plug-ins that can generate them.

Flare

Take Time to Stop and Squint at The Lens Flares

In the past couple of weeks I have been working on an article about lens flares. The plan was to create a few examples like I did in my book, Plug-in to After Effects: Third Party Plug-in Mastery, and go over the pros and cons of several plug-ins. I wanted to create some really good examples too. So, I dove in, pushing the plug-ins to their limits, in some cases. Maybe it's the writer in me but I wasn't satisfied with giving a general overview and I dove really deep. Before long I'm noticing lens flares everywhere in my daily life. Last weekend I was at a stop light and zoning, staring at the glare on the back window of the minivan in front of me. I was noticing how there was a white starburst, a polygonal ring and a sort of golden line as well as a glow in the center. As I squinted, the effect was intensified and the arms of the star grew. No, I wasn't taking any drugs! I am sure you remember squinting like that as a kid and marveling at how the light broke into stars and lines.

Examining lens flares you see in daily life can help you build realistic looking flares to add to your film and motion graphics work. How often to you stop to really appreciate the magic of a naturally occuring lens flare? I guess this is the geek equivalent of stopping to smell the flowers.

The Overuse of Lens Flares

In the old days, photographers tended to avoid lens flares, but that is no longer the case. Lens flares can add drama and artistic style to footage. With CGI lens flares, it's easy to go overboard. There are SO many options, for elements and colors, and you can place them anywhere you like, whether it could occur in nature or not. As I was doing research for this article it was very apparent that some people feel that they have been overused. An obvious example is JJ Abrahms in 8mm and the Star Trek reboot, having crew point flashlights at the camera lens to generate them. Michael Bay is also guilty. See Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen (or don't see it!) David Boyd, DP on Firefly, sent back the fancy new lenses which reduced lens flare in exchange for cheaper ones so that he could get an old school 70s tv show look . Even in the 90's, 3D video games were besmirched with fake looking lens flares.

Lens Flare: The Movie

I say, use them as gratuitously as you want. I'm here to tell you WHAT options you have, not how to use them stylistically. All of the tools that I'll be covering are capable of making natural looking flares or extremely fake looking flares. That part is up to you.

The Science Behind Lens Flares and John Knoll

Flare

Yes, in the previous paragraph I refer to lens flares as magic, but it's all science and light. The Raging Shrimp sign photo, taken by yours truly in Albuquerque, NM, shows a naturally occurring lens flare. A lens flare is created when sunlight refracts off of a camera lens or even the lens of thehuman eye. It can be If you want to get all scientific about it, read the Wikipedia article about Lens Flares

Lens Flare Diagram

Lens Flare Scheme (Source: Wikipedia)

It turns out that the reflections off of cars and glass are technically diffraction artifacts, not lens flares, since the light is not going through a lens but reflecting off a shiny object. No matter. We're talking about digital lens flares and digital lens flare plug-ins can be used to create both lens flares and diffraction effects, as well as mimicking the sun, lights, glowing embers on missiles, reflections off of cockpit windows or glares on the wings of a spaceship.

On the subject of digital lens flares... care to guess who is credited for inventing them? It's John Knoll, visual effects supervisor at Industrial Light & Magic. He developed Knoll Light Factory, which I'll cover in the next article in this series.  Luxology interviewed John Knoll in 2008 in a modcast titled Father of the Lens Flare and Red Giant did two indepth interviews with him. Watch them below.

RGTV Episode 42: An Interview with John Knoll - Part 1

RGTV Episode 42: An Interview with John Knoll - Part 2

Lens Flares in After Effects: A Side-by-Side Comparison

In my book Plug-in to After Effects: Third Party Plug-in Mastery, I did quite an indepth look at lens flare plug-ins, but the book is now a year old (gasp!) and, as is the nature of the industry, several new versions of plug-ins have come out since it was published. The features of the plug-ins and quality of the lens flare plug-ins has changed dramatically and in a good way. Note, I am not reviewing all of the plug-ins for lens flares out there but I'll hit the big ones. 

This is the first article in this series. I'll be releasing four more articles, each focusing on the plug-ins in the chart below.

Red Giant Knoll Light Factory 3 Video Copilot Optical Flares 1.2 Boris Continuum Complete Lens Flare 3D 8.0.3 GenArts Sapphire Lens Flare 5.1

Pricing Note: Toolfarm discounts Red Giant by 10% and Video Copilot by 5% every day.

Toolfarm Price: $179.10
MSRP: $199

Upgrade: $99

Toolfarm Price: $118.70
MSRP: $124.95

Lens Flare Unit: $99

Full BCC Bundle: $999

Upgrade: $249

Full Sapphire Bundle Node-locked: $1699

Floating: $2,499

Supported Hosts: This is the AE compatible version only.
AE CS4-CS6, PPRO CS5-CS6 AE7, CS3, CS4 & CS5, CS6 AE CS4-CS6, PPRO CS3-CS6

AE CS4-CS6, PPRO CS4-CS6

Autodesk Combustion 2008 and later

Full 3D / Supports AE Native Camera
Yes Yes Yes Yes
Integration with AE Lights - Users can attach flares to AE lights
Yes Yes No Yes
GUI
Custom visual interface Custom visual interface AE Effect Controls Yes, click Edit Lens and the Flare Designer application opens
Obscuration/3D Occlusion - Allows for hiding flares by alpha or luminance, simulating the light source going behind objects.
Yes Yes Yes Yes
Edge Trigger Reaction - Flares or fades light at the comp edge so the light appears to pass through a scene. 
Yes Yes Yes Yes
Presets
Yes, visual presets library. 104 included in total. This just came out so I am expecting many Guri presets in the future. Modify, build, save your own presets. Yes, visual presets library. 60 Built-in Presets plus other packages with more that can be purchased separately. Modify, build, save your own presets. Yes, a pulldown menu with presets. Must apply to see effect. Modify, build, save your own presets. Yes, visual preset library with 51 presets, connected to FX Central.
Luminance tracking - Flares generated from bright spots in video

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes
Other Features that set it apart from it's competitors

Image Sprites add custom images

Automated Behaviors for Strobe, Pulse, Flicker and Blink

On-Lens Simulations to simulate dust & scratches on your lens that becomes visible by the light source. 

Auto shimmer

Beat Reactor allows music to drive movement and animated elements

Integrated Motion Tracker

FX Central, GenArts user-based library, is integrated into the plug-in. 

Stop back by for the next article in the series,  In Depth: Lens Flare Plug-ins for After Effects: Knoll Light Factory (Part 2 of 5)

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