In Depth: Render Farms / Network Rendering / Distributed Rendering
The idea of network rendering, or distributed rendering, is to distribute your render over a network, or farm, of computers, to speed up your render times. This can be done in many different programs with a myriad of different setups, so it isn’t as straight forward and clear cut as I’d like it to be.
Creating the right storage and management can be a challenge but it’s important to get that in place first. There are tons of resources out there but I’m keeping this short and sweet so this will be a page of resources more than actual instructions. If you have a great resource, let me know. If you’re a vendor and you’d like your information added or updated, please contact us.
Featured image credit: stevepb
aerender is a command line rendering set up for After Effects. The aerender application can be used for running a render farm on multiple computers and it can also be used for batch operations on one computer. There’s a full section about Automated Rendering and Network Rendering in the Adobe After Effects User Guide and comes with After Effects. Network rendering works best on a very fast network with rapid connectivity to storage devices.
You’ll need all the plug-ins
How to Setup After Effects CC 2017 Render Farm (Network Rendering)
Ty Audronis explains how to set up a render farm properly. He says not to mix up Macs and Windows on your network. Stick to just one OS due to problems with plug-ins.
RenderGarden is a script for After Effects that will help you increase your render speeds on one machine but also lets you render faster with hyperthreaded rendering on each network render node. Plus, you do not need to have Creative Cloud serialized to run aerender. Simply follow the directions above to enable Render-Only mode for aerender, which doesn’t require you to sign into your Adobe account.
Network rendering features of RenderGarden
- Grid multiple computers together on your network.
- Render QuickTime/AVI Movies or Image Sequences.
- Hyper-threaded Rendering supported on each render node.
- Easy to set up. No custom scripting or network config.
- Unlimited Render Node licensing.
RenderGarden news: Update: RenderGarden v1.1 for After Effects – Now with Done Alert Option
aescripts + aeplugins BG Renderer Pro for After Effects
BG Renderer can help make network rendering easier. There is a new portable app/folder feature that makes it easy to create an ad-hoc render farm quickly by simply copying this portable app to all the machines on your network and just double-clicking it to launch the render on that machine.
Nexrender rendering Node
Nexrender is a tool for render automation for Adobe After Effects that also allows users to set up a render network and render several projects simultaneously.
Freebie: After Effects: WatchDog-ae Render Manager for After Effects
AG CodeWerks Watchdog-ae is a free and open-source watch folder render manager for After Effects that is simple and efficient.
I wrote up a feature in December, C4D Spotlight: Setting Up A Render Farm in Cinema 4D with Team Render, which was what actually prompted me to update this article. In the article, I talk about how Team Render replaced Net Render in R15 and that Team Render is fully integrated into Cinema 4D, making it very easy to set up a network render.
- CINEMA 4D – Render: Team Render (Setup) – This is a quick visual guide from Maxon, walking you through the steps of setting up Team Render.
- Turn Your Old Computers Into A Render Farm For Cinema 4D With Team Render – Nick from Greyscalegorilla explains how to use Team Render for a Cinema 4D render farm.
- Cinema 4D Team Render – multi-part tutorial at Cineversity
- Each subscription or perpetual license of Cinema 4D R21 includes 25 Team Render licenses
Autodesk Backburner is a free render manager from Autodesk that allows Autodesk users to network render. It’s for Mac, Windows, and Linux.
Read more about Backburner
- Network Rendering with Backburner in the Autodesk Knowledge Network
- Backburner User Guide and Installation Guide documents
- Starting Network Rendering (3ds Max)
- How to download and obtain Backburner for 3ds Max 2019
- Backburner render farm licensing and setup with 3ds Max
- Where is the download for Backburner for Maya?
V-Ray Swarm is an evolution from Distributed Rendering (DR) for V-Ray. “Swarm gives users the ability to capture all the compute power of their local network and render using either the CPU or GPU. It can be used for final frame rendering or progressive rendering, and will drastically speed up workflow allowing for more design iterations and feedback.”
- Learn more about V-Ray Swarm Distributed Rendering
- Distributed Rendering for V-Ray 3ds Max
- Distributed Rendering for V-Ray for Maya
Pipeline from Brave Rabbit is an uncomplicated tool for distributed rendering for 3D, including Maya, V-Ray Standalone, Nuke, After Effects and Cinema 4D. You can also use it with Modo, Blender, and Redline with Renderer descriptions.
After publishing the article, Matt Silverman got in touch with me to recommend Tractor. He said, “It’s surprisingly inexpensive and bullet-proof (i.e. good enough for Pixar is good enough for me), but requires a smart Python person to set it up. We wrote a custom submit scripts for direct queuing from AE, Nuke, C4D, Houdini, Handbrake, and others…” Perhaps they will build create a product in the future so that others can buy and use it too. Perhaps…
Not exactly a render farm tool or a tool that you render with in any way, but it will help with syncing plugins, maintaining, optimizing and troubleshooting over a network for Final Cut Studio, FCPX, Avid, and Adobe Premiere Pro!
Ramma is not a tool to help with setting up your render farm, per se, but I’m including it because its purpose is to spot corrupt, dropped, or non-contiguous frames in rendered sequence and it works over a network. This could save you from so many render headaches!
“Intended for post-production professionals—large facilities as well as smaller or indie shops—producing motion graphics, visual effects, color grading or other video and animation work, working with Autodesk, Adobe, Foundry, Blackmagic Design, Maxon or any products that render to image sequences.”
Related: The Importance of Image Sequences
If you need to get plug-ins for a couple of computers that you will use for rendering purposes only, do you have to pay full price? Great question, indeed!
Companies have many different policies about using their plug-ins and software on networks/render farms. Below, we have a list of companies and their policies for using their plug-ins on a rendering machine. Some are free for render nodes, others have discounted render nodes, some limit the number. Of course, many products do not have any sort of render node policy.
If you’re a developer and your information is out of date or needs to be added, please email Michele at Toolfarm, and we will update your information
3d-io Flatiron for 3ds Max
Network rendering requires that the plug-in is installed on all machines that are participating in the rendering. Render nodes do not require a license. Just having the unlicensed plug-in installed is sufficient for the machine to render a scene that was prepared on another machine.
ABSoft Neat Video
Neat video: Full license purchase must be made for each render use. Multi-user licenses are available.
A single-user license allows you to install and activate the full version of After Effects on two computers, but users can install an unlimited number of After Effects CC render engines on computers without using these two activations.
What is network rendering? taught by Richard Harrington at LinkedIn Learning
Using Adobe Media Encoder as a Remote Render Farm for Adobe After Effects from School of Motion
AE Scripts-related products
Several products have render-only licenses available. Render-only licenses are available in the Product Options pulldown for a variety of prices. Click on the specific products to find out more. Note: This list may be incomplete because new products are always being added. Also, not all plug-ins from a company may have a Render-Only option.
Network Rendering support with Autodesk Backburner.
The standard Anima license comes with 3 render nodes in addition to the fully interactive version. Instructions
Render Farm Support – AXYZ offers credit for RebusFarm, Ranch Computing, Renderflow, RenderNation to all new anima customers.
How to set up a RENDER SERVER in DaVinci Resolve (Windows Remote Render Complete Guide)
How to set up a REMOTE RENDER SERVER in DaVinci Resolve (LINUX Remote Render Complete Tutorial)
The Upgrade and Support plans include 5 Render nodes per Full License.
- Boris Continuum – Upgrade and Support Plan
- Boris Mocha Pro Upgrade and Support Plan (Annual)
- Sapphire Upgrade and Support Plan
A 1-Year Unlimited Network License is available.
- Annual Rental: Chaos Group V-Ray Next Render Node – Annual Rental – Currently works only with V-Ray Next for 3ds Max, Maya, & Sketchup
- Perpetual License: Chaos Group V-Ray Next Render Node – Perpetual – Currently works only with V-Ray Next for 3ds Max, Maya, & Sketchup
- Monthly Rental: Chaos Group V-Ray Next Render Node – Monthly Rental – Currently works only with V-Ray Next for 3ds Max, Maya, & Sketchup
- Universal Render Nodes for V-Ray for 3ds Max, V-Ray for Maya (available in v3), and V-Ray for Softimage
- Universal Render Nodes – Academic
Corona Renderer works with Team Render out of the box, making it easy to harness the power of all your available machines to contribute to render (or to share frames of animation across machines using the Team Render Server). You can network-render using Autodesk Backburner and Thinkbox Deadline, or use Corona’s integrated DR solution.
Any purchased Corona Renderer license (other than a Student License) includes a minimum of three additional render nodes, so you can leverage multiple computers that you own to reduce render times. Corona is also supported on a number of commercial render farms.
Generally, Autodesk Backburner should be used in “each PC is rendering a single frame” scenarios, while Corona’s DR works by rendering a single frame across all PCs in the network simultaneously. [Source]
Render nodes are free for all Digieffects products.
Free install on all render-only computers.
Digital Film Tools
Digital Film Tools software is set up for free rendering on render farms. When a user is using an After Effects Render node to render a project that contains DFT filters, no license is needed for rendering on the Render node machines.
But, licenses are only needed if the full GUI version of After Effects is running.
RenderNodes are designed to work efficiently alongside the other tools in your production facility. They are controlled by your render farm manager using simple command line instructions.
The RenderNode license will enable you to use a 3rd party network rendering application to manage and distribute the rendering of both VUE scene files (.vue) AND integrated scenes (.max, .ma or .mb, .c4d, .lws, .scn) over a network of computers.
Free install on all render-only computers.
Insydium Cycles 4D
Cycles 4D Render Nodes are available for purchase.
- 5 or more $75.86
- 10 or more $71.87
- 20 or more $67.88
- 50 or more $63.88
- 100 or more $59.89
Native Network Render with Blender/Cycles Tutorial
There are regular licenses and network licenses available. In-Network license mode, for example, a pool of licenses is available on the server, for use in any computer on the network. You only need to have licenses for the maximum number of simultaneous users expected, however, not for each computer where the software will be installed.
KeyShot Network Rendering comes with 32 cores for the Enterprise license only. Network rendering nodes start at 32 cores for $480. The number of slave machines is limited to the number of cores. 256 cores are the largest offered but they can work with you if more cores are needed. Learn more at the bottom of the Details tab on the KeyShot page.
If you have questions, please contact us.
MAXON CINEMA 4D
All R21 subscription and perpetual licenses include 5 Team Render nodes.
Note: For Release 21, every Cinema 4D license comes with 5 Team Render nodes. Maxon recognizes that this policy may adversely affect some of our existing customers with larger internal render farms. If you find yourself in that category, please contact us so that we can address your specific circumstances
Broadcast and Visualize come with 3 Network Rendering Clients, while the Studio bundle provides unlimited Network Rendering Clients if you’re running R20.
Amleto is a Lightwave 3D Network rendering controller that is on GitHub.
Pixelan Software allows for a free install on all render-only computers.
Red Giant / Trapcode
Red Giant and Trapcode have a 5 for 1 policy. With the purchase of each single-user license, you may install the software on 5 render-only machines at no additional charge. If your render farm has more machines than 5 per license purchased you are required to buy more licenses to accommodate the render farm. Render-only machines are those never used for front-end work, they sit on a rack or do not have a monitor attached and are used for rendering only, we appreciate you respecting our licensing policies. For example:
- Buy 1 license 1 workstation, 5 render-only machines (or nodes)
- Get 2 licenses up to 2 workstations, Up to 10 render-only machines (or nodes)
- Purchase 10 licenses up to 10 workstations, up to 50 render-only machines (or nodes)
A single license is granted five render only nodes, two licenses would grant you ten licenses (and so forth). Render licenses cannot be purchased separately from a regular license, so if you need more render licenses, you’d need to be more single licenses– you may want to contact our volume team in the event you require a lot (5+) of additional licenses.
If you have a Red Giant Volume Subscription and have Render Only machines or a render farm, let us know how many render nodes you have when you purchase and we can add render only seats to your license when it’s created.
Universe does not currently offer Render Only options.
Activate Red Giant Render Only Licenses
If you have more than 5 render-only machines per workstation (i.e. 5 workstations and 50 render-only machines (or nodes), you are required to purchase additional full licenses to accommodate you render farm. To acquire this render-only license, contact us and we will activate one for you.
Please include the following in your request:
- the product name you’d like a render only license for purchased under
- your purchased serial(s)
Due to the unique nature of the Nuke market, we do sell Particular for Nuke render nodes individually, an exception to our render only policy. We apologize for any confusion this causes.
Custom quotes made for render-only licensing based on the number of render stations.
- DE:Flicker – click for pricing
- DE:Noise – click for pricing
- FieldsKit – click for pricing
- PV Feather – click for pricing
- ReelSmart Motion Blur – click for pricing
- RE:Flex – click for pricing
- RE:Fill – click for pricing
- RE:Map – click for pricing
- Shape/Shade – click for pricing
- SmoothKit – click for pricing
- Twixtor Pro – click for pricing
- Video Gogh currently does not offer render-only licenses.
All SiNi Software plugins are designed to render on local and cloud-based render farms without having to purchase additional licenses. The products will need to be installed on each render node to read and render. The DeSipher license server will need to be installed on the network. SiNi Products are free for rendering and render farms.
Download the free 3ds Max RenderFarm installer
2 render nodes included in the purchase.
Synthetic Aperture gives you a free install on all render-only computers.
Video Copilot Optical Flares: Each Optical Flare license can be installed on up to 5 render-only machines, though unique license files will be required, and is dealt on a case by case basis.
Note: Video Copilot Optical Flares for Nuke has a Render Node License that is sold separately. Contact sales for purchasing info. Minimum purchase required. Requires at least 1 full license of Optical Flares for Nuke Render only, does not have Flare Editor
Video Copilot Element 3D: It is possible to use Element on a network render farm but we do not recommend or support it because of inconsistencies of GPU rendering. Since Element renders with impressive speed on a single GPU it is ideal to pre-render any 3D elements before pushing to the render farm.
Zaxwerks allows two installs (for instance, a desktop and laptop) with one copy active at a time.
However, Zaxwerks 3D Invigorator Classic does not work across a network.
- 11 September 2019: Updated Maxon, Red Giant, Sini Software, and Corona Renderer and added Anima Pro and Superluminal Stardust.
- 10 May 2019: Added Bao Plugins, Rowbyte, and other AE-Scripts products. We also added Sini Software information and updated Boris FX
- 7 March 2019: Added Luxion KeyShot, Allegorithmic, Cycles 4D, Corona Renderer, 3d-io Flatiron for 3ds Max
- 29 January 2018: Ramma information and RenderGarden news.
- Late 2017 In 2015 we produced a very popular article on Render Farms and Network Rendering. A lot has changed since then, so this is a followup with new information.
- Setting Up a Network Rendering for After Effects
- Network Rendering with Render Garden
- Cinema 4D Team Render
- Autodesk BackBurner for Autodesk Maya
- 3ds Max, Flame, and more
- Chaos Group V-Ray V-Ray Swarm
- Digital Rebellion Pro Render
- Aeriform Ramma
- Plug-ins and Software on a Network Rendering System
Posted by Michele Yamazaki