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Burning Question: How Do I Quickly Give My Project a Letterbox Look?

How Do I Quickly Give My Video a Letterbox Look?Letterbox

 

Please note

This article first came out in 2015 and has been fully updated with new tools and new tutorials, as well as a few great videos on aspect ratio and getting your letterbox right. New tutorials have been added for Premiere Pro, DaVinci Resolve, and Vegas. We’ve also added a section on Aspect Ratio Conversion (ARC) from InSync FrameFormer.

Speaking of InSync FrameFormer… It is on sale right now, and wanted to let you know!

What is Letterboxing, Pillarboxing, and Windowboxing?

Letterboxing is a very simple way to help your footage look more cinematic, and it seems like a simple concept, but you can’t just go slapping black bars in any way you like. You have to do it right! First, we’ll take a look at a few quick examples of the types of black bars you can add to footage, then a bit about aspect ratio. Finally, we’ll end with some plug-ins and scripts to make adding a letterbox fast and easy, no matter your NLE.

First, let’s get some terminology out of the way and explain what letterboxing and the others are all about.

Types of Letterboxes

The Standard Letterbox

Letterbox
Preserving a film’s original widescreen aspect ratio when a film is transferred to standard definition video with black bars on the top and bottom of the video.

Pillarbox

Pillarbox
Standard-width videos and bars on the left and right, often used stylistically in a widescreen presentation to give the idea that the media being shown is older, for example, old 8mm film or old television broadcasts.

Windowbox

Windowbox
Another variation, windowboxing, is when black bars are seen on each side of the video.


Let’s talk about Aspect Ratio

By placing letterbox or window box bars on your film, you’re really modifying the aspect ratio of the viewable image.

SFX Secrets: The Power of Aspect Ratios

Fandor posted this is a really interesting video with the reasons behind choosing certain aspect ratios with lots of examples.

How to PROPERLY letterbox your films: The Cinematic 21:9 Aspect Ratio

You’re doing “Cinematic” aspect ratios ALL WRONG!

Adam Taylor at EposVox has a pet peeve about the wrong aspect ratios for those black bars.

And here’s his followup video…


What is Aspect Ratio Conversion? (ARC) New

From the InSync FrameFormer FAQ:

In many standards conversion applications, we need to modify the aspect ratio of the picture. The problem of converting SD 4:3 material to HD 16:9 remains for stored assets, and complex aspect ratio conversions continue to be required when repurposing movie material for TV and mobile distribution.

Movies intended for cinematic distribution may be shot at 1.85:1 or 2.35:1 thus requiring aspect ratio conversion for distribution to viewers typically using 16:9 display screens. Preservation of the entire width of the production may require a “letterbox” presentation using black bands above and below the image. Display avoiding the black bands implies cropping the content horizontally, then scaling the picture to occupy the full display height and width.

Some audiences may find letterboxing distracting, especially on small screens as found on aircraft seatbacks or mobile phones, so center-cutting followed by zoom may seem quite appealing. However, the director’s artistic intent may be lost, especially if important action takes place away from the center of the screen. Manual or automated pan and scan can be beneficial as the editor can choose the most important scene areas, but nevertheless, some of the content will inevitably be lost.

inSync FrameFormer for FCPX Standard EditionInSync FrameFormer for FCPX or Premiere Pro

August Summer Sale – Ends 08/31/2020

Simple and clean integration of mixed frame rate content in your project

FrameFormer is a plug-in for Adobe Premiere Pro (Mac and Windows) and Final Cut Pro X plugin which enables users to carry out motion compensated frame rate and format conversion of video material.

Typical applications include conversion of TV program material for example from 1080i 50 to 720p 59.94, SD to HD conversion with ARC, and integration of mixed frame rate content e.g. 23.976Hz and 29.97Hz into the same project.

Aspect ratio conversion:
Standard Version: Letterbox, pillarbox, anamorphic.
Pro Version: Automatic, preset, and manual ARC Modes.

Premiere Version Try FrameFormer for Premiere for free!

FCPX Version Try FrameFormer for FCPX for free!

Plugins and Scripts for Letterboxing to your Footage

If you’ve been using your software for more than a few days, it’s very likely that you already know how to mask the video or add solids on each side. That said, there are lots of ways to achieve the effect. So, if you know how to do it the old school way but you’ve been finding that you’re drawing letterboxes all of the time, there are faster methods!

Red Giant FramesRed Giant Shooter Frames

Add a 24p film look to your video footage

Start with ordinary interlaced video, apply Red Giant Shooter Frames’ sophisticated algorithms, and you’ll get the smoother, professional de-interlaced look of 24p film.

Frames includes filters for letterboxing and line offset controls to easily create mattes and adjust the image inside the letterbox area.

Buy Now     Try Frames for free!

FXhome HitFilm ProFXHome HitFilm Pro

VFX software for the filmmaking revolution.

HitFilm Pro is the top choice for artists worldwide. No need to jump from editor to VFX software and back again. HitFilm gives you editing, compositing, titling, and 3D tools in a single product. You have everything you need in one place.

Buy Now     Try HitFilm Pro for free!

FXHome HitFilm Pro is a standalone app that comes with a letterbox plug-in. Pick from a variety of common aspect ratios or define your own. The letterboxing automatically updates based on the shape of your source layer. It lets you alter the color of the letterbox bars too. A very similar Letterbox plugin also exists in FXhome Ignite Pro.

Hitfilm Express: How to Add Cinematic Black Bars to Video (Letterbox Effect)

This is a super short tutorial is from Video Editing in a Minute. It’s on how to use the add a letterbox in HitFilm Express, but the effect works the same in HitFilm Pro.

NewBlueFX TotalFXNewBlue TotalFX

TotalFX features over 1,500 presets in 177 effects. This is our most comprehensive suite of titling tools, transitions, filters, and video editing plugins.. This includes Letterbox, a filter to frame your video appropriately with preset borders.

TotalFX Perpetual License    360 Subscription     Try TotalFX for free!

NewBlueFX Essentials Ultimate also contains the Letterbox plug-in.

idustrial revolution XEffects Toolkitidustrial revolution XEffects Toolkit

XEffects Toolkit is a pack of 53 utility plugins and tools that make the hard tasks in editing easier.

We set out to create the most advanced, most featured and most helpful set of tools on the market for Final Cut Pro X. Designed by professional broadcast editors, this set of tools is perfect for work such as documentary, news or sport and it’s also great for adding polish to corporate and event productions.

The plugins range from essential tools such as Subtitles, Caption Safe Area, and Pillarbox Shoulders to fine-tuning plugins like Alpha Adjust, RGB Channel Adjust, or Channel Swap.

Buy Now     Try XEffects Toolkit for free!

Free Letterbox Templates in 1080P, 4K, and 8K

Film Crux has some beautiful templates for you to download for free. Sign up for their email list to download for free.

Download Film Crux Templates

Letterbox Effect 2 Second

Get the cinematic look with ease with this easy2-second build in letterbox effect. The build-in and build-out are optional so do it your way.

Download Letterbox Effect 2 Second

Other freebies

Free Final Cut Pro plugin: Alex4D Letterbox effect – This one is pretty old but it’s still available online.

Film Dog Pro’s HD Letterbox Template Pack 70 – This download includes a whole bunch of PNG files with popular aspect ratio presets (11.33:1, 1.85:1, 2.35:1, and 2.40:1) and should work in any program. The files are either 720p or 1080p. Download via Vashi Visuals.

Letterbox Tutorials

There are loads of letterbox tutorials on YouTube. Just do a quick search for your host application and you’ll see what I mean!

How To Create An Animated Letterbox – Premiere Pro Tutorial New

Ignace Aleya shows you how to animate a letterbox, a very cool, cinematic look.

Premiere Pro: Fake Letterbox & Video Filled Border Effects (Tutorial / How to) New

This tutorial from Justin Oshido is a little different. He shows you how to fill your letterbox with video. It’s a stylistic choice. This one came out earlier this month so it’s fresh!

How to Letterbox in DaVinci Resolve – Widescreen Aspect Ratio Tips New

Casey Faris explains letterboxing in DaVinci Resolve. How to make your video widescreen… or not widescreen.

Easy Letter Box in DaVinci Resolve New

JINN DHR gives you the scoop on DaVinci Resolve.

How to Add Black Bars (Widescreen) In Vegas Pro 15 – 2018 New

RobertDoesTutorials explains how to do this in Vegas.

Posted by Michele Yamazaki