Maxon Cinema 4D R23 breathes life into characters and animations with outstanding new tools and workflow enhancements. Key improvements to animation workflow make it easier to create and manipulate keyframes, produce fantastic new character rigs, and manage poses, retargeting, and skinning. Enjoy all the UV and Viewport updates from S22, as well as additional refinements to both. Step into the future with a preview of the new Scene Nodes system-the power and performance of Cinema 4D’s future. R23 includes Red Giant’s Magic Bullet Looks technology. In addition, there are Deformer enhancements. Markedly, Maxon has updated integrations for Python 3, OBJ, FBX, and USD.
In summary, Maxon Cinema 4D R23 includes Cinema 4D R23, Cineversity, Team Render, and all upgrades during the subscription term.
Maxon Sale Restrictions
The sale of Maxon products by Toolfarm is excluded in the following countries: China, India, Russia, and Japan.
Why Maxon Cinema 4D R23?
Specifically, Cinema 4D is easy to learn and extremely powerful. Cinema 4D is the perfect package for all 3D artists who want to achieve breathtaking results fast and hassle-free. Beginners and seasoned professionals alike can take advantage of Cinema 4D’s wide range of tools and features to quickly achieve stunning results. In fact, Cinema 4D’s legendary reliability also makes it the perfect application for demanding, fast-paced 3D production.
Ease of Use
Getting started in the world of 3D is a blast when you can quickly create great-looking results! Cinema 4D’s intuitive and easy to understand the operation and logically arranged interface makes it easy for beginners to jump right in and take control. And it never ceases to amaze professional users just how easy Cinema 4D is to use. Countless tutorials and a global, highly-skilled community play an important role in bringing beginners to a professional level of use.
Cinema 4D is a pillar in our users’ everyday workflow. This is why we make sure from the start that new functions work intuitively and are exactly where users will expect to find them. The Cinema 4D layout can also be easily customized to precisely fit a user’s needs and saved for later use.
Cinema 4D’s stability is renowned throughout the 3D community and beyond. All new features and functions are thoroughly put through their paces by our QA and beta testers before being released. Our free service packs, which are released on a regular basis, further optimize Cinema 4D and let us rapidly respond to changes in operating systems and drivers!
Powerful Help System
Any questions about a specific function can be quickly answered by right-clicking on it and jumping straight to the integrated software documentation.
Indeed, with Cinema 4D R23, you stay flexible from beginning to end! Staying flexible for last-minute changes is important no matter which project you’re working on. Cinema 4D offers numerous options for working non-destructively: parametric modeling, procedural shaders, textures, and more. And the Cinema 4D Take System lets you save and manage multiple versions of a scene in a single file!
What’s new in Maxon Cinema 4D R23
Breathe life into your characters and animations with outstanding new tools and workflow enhancements. With R23 you’ll enjoy all the great UV and Viewport updates from S22, as well as many additional refinements in both areas. Step into the future with a preview of the new Scene Nodes system, and experience the power and performance you can expect in Cinema 4D’s future.
Cinema 4D R23 includes key enhancements to the animation, such as workflow making it easier to create and manipulate keyframes. Produce fantastic new character animation rigs with R23. Similarly, manage your character poses, retargeting, and skinning.
Character TDs and Animators celebrate! A new Pose manager allows you to easily store, recall, and blend key character poses as scene-independent assets. Save variations of your object’s parameters that are not tied to the scene. Then, re-use them in different scenes. Furthermore, it works with characters or any type of parametric object.
Delta Mush smooths deformations while preserving detail. The deformer itself smooths any deformation above it and works particularly well with joint-based skin deformations. An additional tag allows the smoothing to be adjusted per object.
A new workflow allows you to create Character Definitions for commonly-used rigs and easily retarget animation regardless of joint orientation.
Toon & Face Rigs
Two new presets for the Character Object. In summary, these allow you to easily define character rigs for animating joint-based animation of a face.
Filtering in Attribute Manager and Timeline
Filter the Attribute Manager to show only the attributes animators need to see and zero in on specific tracks with Timeline filtering.
Animate quicker with more intuitive auto-keyframing. In addition, use commands to easily set keyframes for entire hierarchies and groups of objects.
Copy Paste Ease
Copy an ease curve to different keyframe segments or tracks, furthermore, without affecting the values.
Create markers based on BPM, jump between marked ranges, and navigate between markers with an all-new HUD.
The Perfect Arrangement
Maxon Cinema 4D R23 gives you access to all the powerful UV editing capabilities introduced in Cinema 4D S22. Additionally, we now have New tools geared mostly at UV workflows for hard-surface models.
Given that UV Snapping is now completely integrated into Cinema 4D’s core snapping toolset, it includes support for point, grid, and pixel snapping.
UVs of multiple objects can now be viewed concurrently in the UV Editor. Use UV packing to arrange the islands of all objects into a ONE shared UV Tile, as well as selection and manipulation tools to fine-tune UVs over multiple Objects.
Align, Straighten, Rectangularize
We can now align Islands based on selected Edges, Straighten Edge Selections, and rectangularize UV islands.
UV Edit / Layout Enhancements
Enhanced views in the interface and the UV layout window make your workspace more responsive. Coupled with the new tools, editing UVs an intuitive and stress-free process.
You’ve Got the Looks
Magic Bullet Looks: Easily apply one of over 200 preset film looks, import LUTs, or work with individual tools for color correction, film grain, chromatic aberration, and much more. Red Giant’s Magic Bullet Looks technology is integrated into C4D’s render settings, so all of this works in the interactive viewport and with your final C4D renders. Best of all, you can save your own Looks presets and pass them between many other host applications like After Effects, Premiere Pro and FCPX, and more.
Dramatically-improved Screen-Space Reflections and the new Viewport Core introduced in S22. Particularly, it means you can generate outstanding preview renders out-of-the-box and better visualize the final composite.
Looking Under the Hood and into the Future
Scene Nodes in Cinema 4D R23 offers a sneak preview of the performance. In short, it’s what you can expect from the next generation Cinema 4D core and object system. Nodes enable you to explore massive Distributions and Procedural Modeling the advance of the further development of capabilities and integration of familiar Cinema 4D workflows. These foster creativity and experimentation.
Tight Workflow Harmony
Maxon updated the core Python engine of Cinema 4D from Python 2 to Python 3. In essence, this offers greater performance and security.
Maxon made extensive enhancements to OBJ import/export offer much-improved performance. To explain, R23 includes better support for PBR materials and vertex colors. In addition, support for sequenced files.
FBX now offers the option to export the baked animation of bind joints and to export marker ranges as Takes.
In short, this first step in integration allows users to import / export models, cameras, and lights in USD, USDA, and USDC. In addition, export USDZ.
More Noteworthy Features
Deformer objects now have better viewport representation showing their direction and function. Whether using deformers for modeling or animation, it’s easier than ever to align and scale deformers properly to procedurally modify your mesh.
An implementation of the open-source Instant Mesh algorithm takes shape as a procedural generator. In other words, it allows automatic retopology and quad-based polygon reduction.
Remove Ngons, Remove Non Manifold, Triangulate, Retriangulate, Untriangulate
Legacy Object Import
Sample Legacy Light
Vertex Map Tag Import
Flow Control Nodes
Loop Carried Value
General UI Enhancements for Scene and Material Nodes
Node Detail Levels
Import / Export Models, Cameras, Lights in usd, usda, usdc
OBJ Performance and Feature Enhancements
Import/export Support for PBR material definition used by Adobe Dimensions and other applications
OBJ Sequence Export
OBJ Sequence Import
Vertex Color Import / Export (Z-Brush / Meshlab)
Point Cloud Import
Z-Brush Spline Import
More Presets: 3ds max, Adobe Dimension, Blender, Maya, ZBrush, Trapcode
FBX (listed in Animation Workflow)
Export Takes from Timeline Markers
Export Bound Joints only
Update from Python 2.7.14 to Python 3.7.7
Increased performance for Python expressions, scripts and plugins
Encrypt Python plugins via the command line
Moves by Maxon
Import and use Facial and Body Capture data from Moves iOS app (fully integrated)
General Workflow Enhancements
Display alpha channel in Picture Viewer as a checker grid
Insert Caret showing drag destination within Object Manager
Instances can be made editable
Updated Intel Open Image Denoiser to 1.2.1 / improved performance and better results
Viewport Selection Tools now use Intel Embree technology for better performance and accuracy
Subscription Management page
Visions Take Shape in Cinema 4D
Polygons are the building blocks of 3D, stitched together to create the objects of your imagination. With Cinema 4D’s complete polygonal modeling toolset, it’s easy to craft everything from cars to creatures.
Slice models with quick precision using a trio of tools that offer outstanding interactivity. Make more polygons and add more detail – edit cuts before committing, cut evenly-spaced slices, and add symmetrical loops with ease.
Polygon Pen Paint polygons with Cinema 4D’s modeling “Swiss army knife”, a single super-tool for creating or retopologizing 3D models.
Create Polygon – Click to add points and quickly create polygons, whether modeling from scratch or snapping to existing geometry for retopology.
Rotate Edge – Refine the polygon flow by spinning an edge around its center.
Snap To Edge – Extend the surface easily with edges that snap to each other.
Draw Row – Paint strips of polygons interactively.
Modeling Arc – Convert simple edges into complex arcs in a single action.
Extrude – Create solid shapes by extruding, without changing tools.
Extrude selected points, edges or polygons.
Stitch & Sew
Join object edges that have the same number of points.
Soften hard edges without Subdivison Surface Objects.
Show faulty elements on selected polygon objects.
The first step in most 3D projects is creating the objects.
Keep 3D visualizations flexible to the end with parametric modeling. Changes can be made at any time to scenes or objects, and Cinema 4D offers a wide range of parametric modeling options that make it possible for artists to make just about any last-minute change a customer may need!
Modeling with MoGraph
Motion Design Tool Gone Wild!
Cinema 4D’s MoGraph toolset is unmatched in the 3D industry. Originally created for motion design and broadcast graphics, it quickly established itself in many other areas of 3D visualization. MoGraph can be used to quickly and easily distribute vegetation throughout an entire scene or even create a network of roads, and much more. With MoGraph, artists and architects can keep their visualizations flexible right down to the wire and lets them get the results they’re looking for. MoGraph creates solutions and is a game changer for your workflow.
With just a few elements you can build more complex parametric objects:
Modeling with Deformers
Bend, compress or twist an object witout manhandling its geometry. This – and much more – is what Deformers can do. Deformers work non-destructively and are ideal for creating complex objects that can be modfied at any time. The perfect workflow solution when production requirements throw you a curve.
Modeling with Splines
A spline is much more than just a line: Create complex 3D objects using splines and Generators in Cinema 4D. Simply take a path from a technical drawing and place it into a Generator to create a 3D object and modify it at any time by changing its settings in the Attribute Manager.
Turn your models into digital clay
Model organic surfaces and easily increase the level of detail on any object with the fully-integrated Sculpt system in Cinema 4D. Simply click Subdivide to increase the level of detail, transforming your mesh into digital clay. Mold your mesh with intuitive sculpting tools that pull, smooth, flatten, knife and pinch the surface. Take advantage of advanced symmetry options, stamps, stencils, and masks to create complex sculpts and surface details.
Organize in Layers
Organize your sculpt project in layers, each with its own Sculpt level, mask, and strength settings. Simply click any layer to activate it and jump to the appropriate level of detail. Arrange layers in any order and even within folders, so it’s always easy to find and activate the right layer. You can freeze your sculpts at any time to release the memory being used by sculpting and view the effect of deformation on your sculpted mesh.
Mold your mesh with Cinema 4D’s flexible sculpting tools, each of which have a unique size and pressure options that can be interactively adjusted or linked to the properties of your tablet pen. Smoothly paint continuous strokes with a Steady Stroke option. Use special drag options to precise place Sculpt Stamps, and easily create repetitive stamps with the Repeat tool. Sculpt finer details with the help of masks and stencils. Create and share your own stamps and stencils, or take advantage of the extensive preset library provided in Cinema 4D. Finally, you can create your own sculpt brushes or take advantage of Cinema 4D’s extensive developer community to extend the power of the toolset even further, with extensive Python and expanded C++ support for the entire Sculpt system.
Pull Brush – The Pull brush lifts the vertex points (or lowers them) in the average direction of the Normals (in the region of the brush’s preview). This brush is also well-suited for use with the Stamp and Stencil functions.
Grab Brush – As the name suggests, this brush can be used to grab part of the mesh and pull it into the desired position. Great for shaping a character’s chin or head, or creating spiky bits.
Smooth Brush – The Smooth brush is one of the most important sculpting brushes. The Smooth brush – with a low Strength value – is ideal for relaxing the mesh and removing artefacting.
Erase Brush – Use the Erase brush to delete sculpted regions of an active Layer, i.e., wherever the Erase brush is applied, the sculpted regions will be reset to a neutral state.
Mirror and Masking
The powerful Symmetry options within each sculpt brush now support Cinema 4D’s workplane, so you can easily mirror strokes across an offset axis. Keep your strokes fast and fluid by focusing on one side of the model, and use the new Sculpt Symmetry option to mirror strokes across the mesh or even equalize the sculpting on both sides. To further focus on small sections of the sculpt, simply hide polygons using a mask.
Use your own models or one of the base meshes provided in the Sculpt presets library. The library’s generic human, animal and dinosaur forms provide a great start for many sculpting projects. Simply double-click any mesh, click Subdivide a few times and start sculpting.
Combine multiple Sculpt objects into a single sculpt with optimized edge flow using the Project Mesh feature. Whether you need more edges to sculpt appendages or just want to optimize the mesh for the animation you can model a clean topology over your existing sculpt and quickly adapt it to the final shape with all the sculpt details intact, based on the defined subdivision settings.
The Unsubdivide command allows you to quickly convert high-resolution meshes from other sculpting applications to low-resolution Cinema 4D objects with Sculpt tags containing all the same detail. This makes it easy to modify and work with meshes from any source.
With Cinema 4D’s integrated sculpting you can freeze and deform your sculpted creations without the need to bake them. Optimize the scene and prepare it for export to game engines or other applications by baking the sculpt to lower-polygon geometry with automatic creation of Ambient Occlusion, displacement and normal maps.
Modeling and More with the Power of OpenVDB
Create complex models by adding or subtracting basic shapes in Boolean-type operations, or create animated growing effects by turning noises and the new MoGraph Fields into actual geometry – it’s all possible thanks to Cinema 4D’s OpenVDB-based Volume Builder and Mesher. Volume Modeling offers a completely procedural way of creating objects you couldn’t even imagine before.
A New Way to Model
Build organic or hard-surface volumes in a very procedural way – combine multiple primitives and polygon objects with Boolean operations like Union, Subtract and Intersect. Add or subtract splines, cloners, fields and more to quickly create complex shapes, and smooth or reshape the result with voxel modifiers. With VDB remeshing, you can quickly re-topologize meshes to more effectively add details using Cinema 4D’s powerful sculpting toolset.
Volumes and Fields – Better Together
Fields as Volumes – Use Random or Shader Fields to create volumes based on procedural textures or 3D noise.
Fields as Modifiers – Use fields to adjust the strength of smooth and reshape filters, inflating or eroding objects based on field shapes and patterns.
Volumes as Fields – Volumes can themselves be Fields, with their strength or direction affecting the nearest clones.
Data in 4 Dimensions
OpenVDB is fundamentally a way to store 3D pixels. Cinema 4D can load multiple grids from any .vdb file, and load animation via sequenced .vdb files. Release 20 does not yet offer native volume rendering but VDBs created in Cinema 4D can be exported in sequenced .vdb format for use in any application or render engine that supports OpenVDB.
Fast and Flexible Surfacing
Cinema 4D offers a fast and flexible material system, with procedural shaders to quickly define the surface of your 3D models. Generate exquisite photorealistic materials with multi-layered reflections or unique abstract effects using Cinema 4D’s multiple material channels and many special purpose procedural shaders.
easy to understand
Cinema 4D materials are easy to understand, with neatly-organized material channels that are named for what they do – to adjust the luminance, transparency or displacement of a material simply click the channel, load an image or shader, and adjust some sliders. Procedural shaders add power and flexibility so it’s easy to create photoreal and fanciful textures.
Create physically accurate materials with multiple layers of reflection using the Cinema 4D Reflectance Channel. Stack metallic flakes, anisotropic scratches and clear coat on top of a diffuse base layer, dial in the roughness and strength of each layer and enjoy materials that fully react to the lighting environment.
A wide range of shaders in Cinema 4D provide special-purpose material options, such as replicating a rainbow thin-film effect on a bubble or oily surface, or simulating wood or bricks with a multitude of options and presets. MoGraph and Variation shaders make it possible to uniquely color and texture a vast number of objects. These are just a few examples of Cinema 4D’s powerful and purposeful shaders.
Powerful layering options at the shader level, within reflectance and for materials themselves offer unlimited options for combining basic elements to create incredibly complex and detailed materials.
Building Blocks for your Material World
Node-based materials in Cinema 4D Release 20 invite you to explore a whole new world of material-creating possibilities. Create simple materials that link a texture in multiple channels for easy adjustment, or create amazing and complex shaders that can be used in Cinema 4D’s Advanced and Physical Render engines.
Everything Starts Small
Each node performs specific functions – from color correction to camera distance, generating noises, gradients, patterns, flakes or scratches … and these only scratch the surface – Cinema 4D Release 20 includes over 150 nodes you can use to build your textures. Don’t worry – they’re all fully searchable by name and keyword, and can be easily added via a commander interface.
Each node offers a specific function but when you combine them, the possibilities are endless. You can easily drag wires to connect inputs and outputs and add converters to existing connections. Enable previews at any stage and selectively mute connections to understand how each node contributes to the material. Combine nodes into groups, groups into assets, and use those assets yourself or share them as .zip files.
The Power of Nodes
ONE NODE, MULTIPLE CONNECTIONS – Reference a single color, texture or other element in multiple channels throughout a material. When the time comes to make a change, you only have to do it once.
A MATERIAL OVERVIEW – The Node Window provides a complete overview of every element so you don’t have to dig through multiple channels and shaders to view everything contributing to a material.
CUSTOM INTERFACES – Combine nodes to create custom shaders and expose only the parameters you want to modify or let others to tweak.
REUSABLE ASSETS AND VERSIONING – Create assets from Node groups and store them in the scene, in the preferences, or share them with others as a simple .zip file. Assets include complete versioning so you can easily manage updates.
One Material to Rule Them All
The ultimate asset – a completely new generic material, called Uber Material. This simplified and easy-to-use material can be added and edited in the Material Editor or Attribute Manager, and any connection you make can also be seen in the Node Editor. The truly courageous can even open the asset within the Node Editor and see how a complete material is made up.
Impressive Texturing & Sculpting
Maxon’s BodyPaint 3D is the ultimate tool for creating high-end textures and unique sculptures. Wave good-bye to UV seams, inaccurate texturing and constant back-and-forth switching to your 2D image editor. Say hello to hassle-free texturing that lets you quickly paint highly detailed textures directly on your 3D objects. BodyPaint 3D also offers a comprehensive set of sculpting tools that let you turn a simple object into a detailed work of art.
Why 2D Painting is never enough for 3D textures
When you use BodyPaint 3D to paint complete materials onto your 3D models, you’ll immediately see how the texture fits with the contour of the model, how the bump or displacement react to lighting, and how the transparency and reflection interact with the environment. There’s no need to waste time transitioning textures between environments – you’ll always see an accurate depiction of the texture so you can concentrate on making it look great.
TOOLS, TOOLS, TOOLS
More than 200 presets put a wide array of natural media and special effects brushes within easy reach. Clone, Smear, Sponge, Dodge and Burn, Gradient, Magic Wand, transform tools and more are all available within the easy to use interface.
No matter how hard you try – UVs will never be 100% perfect. Some parts will be slighty scaled, distored or twisted because you are trying to project a 3D object onto a 2D plane. You have to keep this in mind while painting your textures in 2D. Sometimes this produces unpredictable results. BodyPaint 3D’s projection painting takes all this into account and projects your texture the way you intended it to look on the 3D object on which you were painting.
32-BIT COLOR & HDR EDITING
You can paint in up to 32-bit color depth, which gives even more texture control and incredibly smooth color gradations. BodyPaint 3D also enables editing of HDR and EXR formats letting you to use these powerful formats in your 3D scenes.
DIRECT CONNECTION TO YOUR 3D APPLICATION
Normally, creating textures using 2D applications and including these in your 3D scene involves a lot of manual setup and a lot of application switching. BodyPaint 3D offers plugins to easily exchange models, textures and UVs between BodyPaint 3D and popular 3D applications like 3ds Max, Maya and Softimage.
PAINTING MULTIPLE TEXTURES AT ONCE
With BodyPaint 3D you can paint an entire material with a single stroke. Each brush can paint up to ten channels simultaneously, so a single brushstroke can affect Color, Bump, Specularity, Reflection, Transparency and other properties. There is no need to match the various channels in your 3D application.
PAINTING OVER MULTIPLE OBJECTS
BodyPaint 3D can paint over multiple objects using a single stroke. Projection painting allows distortion-free painting across multiple objects to eliminate seams and get the results you want – which is not possible in 2D!
Maxon BodyPaint 3D features an arsenal of UV editing solutions that ensure your models and their materials line up properly.
Painting in 3D is governed by UVs, a set of coordinates that relate polygons to texturing areas. Properly designed UV coordinates are essential to successful painting and quality texturing in 3D. Because almost all 3D models involve contours in 3D space, standard projections like spherical and flat mapping are not able to provide distortion-free texturing. Each model must be set up with correctly aligned UVs prior to painting, just like taping off the trim in a room prior to painting.
Optimal Mapping & LSCM Unwrapping
BodyPaint 3D includes numerous tools that help you achieve the best UV map for each individual model. You can utilize one of three different algorithms, including Cubic Optimal Mapping, to automatically optimize your UV coordinates and remove overlapping points.
The Relax UV tool adjusts the size of UVs in relation to their corresponding polygons, and the UV Terrace tool lets you easily include additional geometry in an existing UV map. The Store and Remap UV features allow you to easily remap areas of UV coordinates to eliminate seams. Using BodyPaint 3D’s powerful Interactive Mapping feature you can generate UVs based on standard projection types for different regions of a model. Of course, BodyPaint 3D also includes Move, Scale, Rotate, Shear and other tools to let you manually tweak individual UV coordinates.
The LSCM unwrapping method, which lets you unwrap a model’s UVs based on defined seams, also comes in handy when working with complex shapes. Whether adjusting UVs for a low-res game model or a high-res matte painting, BodyPaint 3D provides the UV tools you can rely on when the UV mapping is not as perfect
as the model you have built.
Painting & Texturing
All your favorite painting tools are available in BodyPaint 3D, including Clone, Smear, Sponge, Dodge and Burn tools. The standard brush tool includes pressure, hardness, size, bitmap, distortion, rotation, jitter and other parameters for hundreds of painting possibilities. The effect of any parameter can be controlled by the pressure, tilt, direction or finger wheel of your graphics tablet. Over 200 presets are provided with BodyPaint 3D, representing a variety of natural media and special effects.
A real highlight of BodyPaint 3D is that it now supports the .abr format for Adobe Photoshop-compatible brushes. BodyPaint 3D artists can now take advantage of vast resources available in the Photoshop community. Thousands of brushes are available, many of them for free and we’ve even added over 1,400 brushes to the brush preset libraries.
LAYERING IN THE 3RD DIMENSION
This familiar layering system operates much like 2D graphics applications, giving you the power to combine various effects and experiment with confidence. In addition to its own B3D format, Maxon BodyPaint 3D can read and write layers and masks in PSD and TIF file formats. Each layer can be assigned a unique opacity and mix mode. BodyPaint 3D also features a real-time preview of layer transformations so you can easily position, scale, rotate, skew and distort layers until your composition is just right.
You can also define a mask in any layer, work with alpha channels or apply different blend modes to layers. Even .psd files can be read and their individual layers or layersets easily accessed. The Layer Shader makes it possible to quickly assign filters or procedural shaders to images. BodyPaint 3D is second-to-none when compared to conventional 2D image editing applications, and is ideal for high-end compositing and montage work.
Projection painting offers unmatched comfort when painting textures onto complex geometry. Visible seams at UV edges are now a thing of the past. The detachable projection layers in particular make this process easier by letting objects or images be placed freely before the projection is applied.
With projection painting enabled you can paint onto a virtual glass plate over the model and subsequently project this painting onto the actual textures. This powerful feature supports all of BodyPaint 3D’s painting tools and provides full control over the projection and final appearance of your paint strokes. Projection painting even allows users to paint across multiple objects with a single stroke to eliminate seams. Copy and paste paint between layers. You can copy and paste between layers while in projection paint mode and you can even join two separate images with perfect blending and distortion.
Building professional 3D animation has never been easier or more intuitive.
Shift your scenes into the fourth dimension with Maxon’s Cinema 4D. Building professional 3D animation has never been easier and more intuitive. Virtually any object, material or tag parameter can be keyframed by simply clicking the circle next to its name. To make keyframing even simpler you can activate automatic keyframing of all or selected parameters. The Powerslider lets you quickly define keyframes for the current state at any frame and modify existing keyframes without leaving the default layout.
The Timeline window offers even greater control with tracks for every animatable parameter and options such as layers to organize and control the visibility of objects, tracks and keyframes. Master Tracks allow easy manipulation of all keyframes attached to a given object or scene and the Region tool helps you easily move or scale any portion of your animation.
View your entire animation in context, complete with markers. Manage keyframes for all your objects, or retime selected animation tracks.
Use F-Curve mode for more detailed adjustment of keyframe interpolation, or to simply view the animation. Edit multiple curves instantly and take advantage of the snapshot capability to view a previously stored curve while adjusting the animation.
Create a library of animations, and add them to your characters or other 3D objects. Blend multiple clips and re-time or loop the animation in non-linear fashion.
Flexible User Interfaces
Animation Dot – An Animation Dot lies next to virtually every C4D parameter, and a simple click on it creates a keyframe. Animate with ease by simply adjusting the time, adjusting the value, and clicking.
Powerslider – Create new keyframes, adjust timing and interpolation and visualize markers and sound waveforms, all within a compact bar directly below your 3D view.
HUD – Add attributes as HUD elements and modify or animate your objects directly in the 3D view.
Use Cinema 4D’s effectors, tags and expressions to animate without keyframes. A variety of presets make it easy to get started, and you can create your own expressions in Cinema 4D’s node-based XPresso editor or via Python programming.
Adding Personality to Polygons
Cinema 4D offers a wide range of easy-to-use and reliable character animation tools and features that help you to create life-like characters and make character animation that much easier. Advanced features such as the Quaternion tag, Cappuccino for recording mouse movement as position data, and Auto Redraw for creating dynamic IK setups streamline the workflow for character animators and riggers.
Advanced Character Animation
Character animators and riggers alike need easy-to-use and reliable tools to help them create life-like characters. In addition to the functions contained in Cinema 4D Prime, Cinema 4D Studio offers numerous additional features that make professional character animation even easier!
The Character Component can be used by technical directors, for example, to define objects or hierarchies of a rig as components. Those components can then be packed into a template and be used by artists to easily create their objects using the Character object. All the power of Cinema 4D’s tools, including Python scripts, can be used to define these components. If you don’t do character animation you can use the Character Component feature to build templates for road systems, pipeline creators and more. Use your creativity to decide what to build with this powerful tool.
The Character object lets you easily build a rig for any character based on expertly-crafted preset templates for bipeds, quadrupeds, fish and more. Automatic mirroring lets you build and adjust rigs symmetrically. Once you’ve adjusted the rig to your character, simply drag the mesh onto the Character object to automatically weight and bind the mesh to the rig. After completing this simple process you’ll have easy access to all Character object controllers and your character is ready to come to life.
Walk Cycles With CMotion
Use the CMotion object to create parametric, cyclical movement for any parameter on your character rig. Custom walk cycles or presets can be quickly and easily applied to your character and fine-tuned to fit your needs with the help of Function Curves. A spline can be added as a movement path and a surface as a floor and your character will interact with these elements and adapt its movement accordingly. An optimized muscle system with special deformers helps you create natural movement for organic shapes. The CMotion Step object also helps you fine-tune your walk cycles to perfection.
Exercise ultimate control over your 3D objects
In basic use, this tag works in conjunction with the Tweak mode to determine if objects can be moved without first being selected, and gives you control over object highlighting.
Use dynamic proxies to interactively adjust other objects based on the polygon selection you click to tweak. Particularly helpful for tasks like character rigging, the Interaction tag also reports all mouse interaction, including the polygon clicked, and allows controlling objects through XPresso, C.O.F.F.E.E. or Python.
Mix Your Models with Sliders
The Pose Morph tag makes it quick and easy to define different character animation states and lets you morph between various types of animation data. Create facial expressions and correctional morphs, and control them with sliders or pose-space deformations. In addition to blending vertex positions, you can easily transition between rotations of entire joint hierarchies, parameters, user data, UVW or vertex maps.
On the move!
With the Cinema 4D MoGraph toolset, motion graphics artists can sink their teeth into a palette of powerful tools that make it easy to create everything from flying logos to abstract effects. Clone numerous objects and create extruded text with just a few simple clicks. Add Effectors to the mix and put everything in motion, and much more – often without creating a single keyframe! All this is perfectly integrated into Cinema 4D and offers a fast and easy workflow. All functions are completely interactive and non-destructive.
At the heart of MoGraph is a powerful yet simple Cloner tool. You can easily create live copies of any object – arranged along a line, circle, grid, object or spline.
Object clones can be placed along points, edges, polygon centers or randomly across the surface of an object. Adjust keyframe parameters to modify clone count, spacing and more. Use other objects in MoGraph to easily create extruded text, fracture and extrude spline-based logos, displace objects in real-time and more. Each object performs its own invaluable function for motion graphics artists, and each can be fully controlled by MoGraph Effectors. Effectors can be applied to almost any MoGraph Generator to effortlessly bring your MoGraph creations to life. Adjust clones mathematically with the Formula Effector or apply the frequency spectrum of an audio file using the Sound Effector. 17 different Effectors can be used in any combination to offer countless animation possibilities.
Shader Effector – The Shader Effector primarily uses a texture’s grayscale values to transform clones. To do this the texture needs to be projected on to the clones.
Sound Effector – The Sound Effector transforms audio into animation by mapping the amplitude at specific frequencies to clones.
Spline Effector – The Spline Effector takes the clones and arranges them on a spline. The first clone at the start of the spline and the last clone at the end of the spline.
Delay Effector – The Delay Effector ensures that the effects of other Effectors with regard to position, scale and rotation do not begin abruptly but with a delay.
With the new Fracture Voronoi object you can tear down walls. Systematically shatter any object into procedural fragments using virtually anything to control the distribution of the shattered pieces. Create artistic procedural geometry using splines, polygon objects or particles. Fracture Voronoi is always live which means you can change elements at any time. As a native MoGraph object it works seamlessly with Dynamics and all the effectors and falloffs you love.
Dynamics System for Stunning, Realistic Motion
MoDynamics is based on the proven Bullet physics library and now you can also use MoGraph’s powerful Effectors to add dynamics for amazing realism. Set simple parameters like mass, bounce, gravity, friction and more and let MoDynamics do the work. Create breathtaking, realistic motion every time.
Let’s Get Physical
Whenever a large number of objects or particles interact with each other or are affected by forces such as wind or gravity, traditional animation methods quickly reach their limits. Animating these elements individually would be a gargantuan task. This is where simulation is the weapon of choice. Complex algorithms are used to generate the animation and interaction of these elements – and Cinema 4D offers a wide range of functions and presets to create breathtaking physical simulations and realistic-looking effects.
The typical behavior and properties of materials such as paper, cloth, hair, feathers or fur can be applied to different objects. In addition to their natural behavior, the properties of these materials can be modified to create abstract, unexpected behavior to fulfill any artist’s creative needs.
Cinema 4D also includes additional tools for creating dynamic simulations of mass, velocity and surface characteristics. Forces such as wind or gravity can be applied to these objects to easily create complex, interactive animations like filling a glass with water, collapsing a wall, making pool balls interact and much more. The Cinema 4D particle system lets complex simulations be created using vast numbers of objects.
Dynamics system for stunning, realistic motion
Rigid Body Dynamics
Rigid Bodies are objects that fall, collide, bounce and more – in short, they interact with forces and with each other. Rigid Bodies interact with simulated natural forces and with each other. Parameters such as Mass, Velocity and Gravity can be used to easily lend dynamic behavior to thousands of objects containing millions of polygons!
Soft Body Dynamics
In addition to Cinema 4D’s Rigid Bodies you can use Soft Body Dynamics to simulate all kinds of objects that are deformed by collisions or other physical forces. Several settings such as stiffness, damping, flexion, etc. let you precisely define how your objects behave when struck, dropped or squashed. Even gas-filled elements can be simulated accurately.
Animate with air? The new aerodynamic features in Cinema 4D make it possible! Simulate air currents and let feathers, paper or leaves glide gently through the air. Use the Double-Sided option to let forces affect objects that have no real depth.
Cinema 4D Studio’s Dynamics contains much more than just Rigid and Soft Bodies. You can use connectors such as hinges, cardans and springs to let objects interact. Angular or linear motors can move your objects without setting keyframes. And to top it off, torque and speed can be set individually to fine-tune your animation.
Force – The Dynamics Force object causes each object to exercise its own radial gravitational force onto every object within its reach.
Motor – A Motor is a Dynamics element that exerts a continuous force or torque on an object to which a Dynamics Body tag has been assigned.
Connector – Connectors restrict the movement/ rotation of Rigid Bodies and Soft Bodies. Without Connectors, objects would only be affected by forces and collisions.
Spring – Springs are elements that exert force that increases in accordance with their distortion.
Dress Your Characters in Style
Cinema 4D’s powerful cloth simulation solution offers the full range of characteristics that are typical for fabrics, including stiffness, flexion, friction and many more. Cloth can even be made to stretch or tear, just like any real fabric would do, whether it’s wool or satin, cotton or silk. Cinema 4Ds cloth simulation is equipped with collision detection and interacts with itself or other scene elements.
Particles up to 11
Thinking Particles is an advanced rule-based particle system that uses Cinema 4D’s XPresso interface to provide complete control over individual particles and particle streams. Thinking Particles can interact with one another and with their environment. Points, edges, surfaces or complete Objects can be used as emitters or to trigger collision events that deflect particles or spawn new streams. Their potential and versatility make Thinking Particles an essential tool for artists to create highly advanced particle effects.
The Key to Ultimate Photorealism
Cinema 4D’s wide range of render options deliver fast and beautiful results thanks to their linear workflow, support for color profiles, multiple processors, HyperThreading and Multi-Core technology. The built-in Advanced Renderer is a professional tool for creating outstanding images and animations, ranging from standard 2D and 3D to stereoscopy.
Its Multi-Pass rendering allows you to easily render color, shadow, reflection, and other effects to individual files. Multiple object-based alpha channels make it easy to layer elements with other 2D and 3D assets. With direct export to standard applications such as Adobe Photoshop, Adobe After Effects, Final Cut Pro, Nuke, Shake, Fusion or Motion, your Multi-Pass layers will be ready to composite in no time. Cinema 4D supports rendering in 16-bit and 32-bit color depth for high dynamics range images in DPX, HDRI or OpenEXR format.
The Physical Render Engine in Cinema 4D lets you render with ultimate realism using real camera settings like focal length, shutter speed, aperture, etc. to add 3D depth of field, optical accurate motion blur, area shadows, ambient occlusion and more to your scene. You can optionally simulate additional characteristics of real-life cameras such as lens distortion, vignetting and chromatic aberration for even more photorealism.
The Physical Renderer’s shared image sampler samples the Project just once and shares the result between all these effects, reducing the incremental time and guaranteeing accurate results.
Achieve greater rendering realism with Global Illumination, which provides a more accurate representation of scene lighting by taking into account light that bounces between objects. The Global Illumination engine can also utilize an HDRI-based sky for outstanding image-based illumination.
Caustic effects simulate the specific refractions and reflections of light on shiny surfaces or through transparent objects. Light that reflects from a golden ring or shines through the water to the bottom of a swimming pool – Cinema 4D makes it easy to create these effects, resulting in highly realistic and accurate scenes.
Cinema 4D is also supported by all major third party renderers.
Sketch and Toon
With the Sketch and Toon toolset in Cinema 4D you create non-photorealistic styles of 3D renderings.
Architects and engineers enjoy the clean and precise technical illustrations it provides, while artists will appreciate the ability to render 3D scenes as a quick scribble or charcoal sketch. Several settings make it easy to create illustrations ranging from halftone stills to cel-rendered animations and to create almost any desired effect.
A few simple settings convert any Cinema 4D camera into a stereo rig. Simply enable one of the stereo modes, define the eye-separation and convergence, and choose between parallel, off-axis, on-axis or radial placement. Safe regions can be set manually or defined automatically by Cinema 4D. You can render the merged image or individual channels and preview the stereo effect within Cinema 4D’s Picture Viewer. Stereo previews can be displayed in Anaglyph, Side-by-Side, Interlaced or Active Shutter mode for compatibility with a variety of 3D monitors, projectors and glasses.
Team Render is Cinema 4D’s network rendering concept that uses peer-to-peer communication to distribute render tasks. Because there’s no bottleneck at a central server, the assets required to render your scene get to each client quicker, speeding up network rendering of animations as well as still frames dramatically.
For bigger studios Team Render Server combines the advantages of a traditional client-server architecture which allows users to control all the render jobs via a web interface with Team Render’s decentralized data exchange. Team Render Server lets you directly upload, monitor and control your network rendering jobs, and view the log status messages from the server and all clients.
Let there be light
Cinema 4D offers a wide variety of light and shadow types that can brighten up even the most challenging situations. Cinema 4D’s extraordinarily powerful lighting system offers numerous options to control color, brightness, falloff and other properties, and for adjusting density and color of each light’s shadows. Light settings such as contrast, lens reflexes, visible or volumetric light, noise, and the possibility to use Lumen or Candela brightness values provide highly realistic results for your scenes.
Many light manufacturers offer IES data for free download to realistically simulate the look of real lighting fixtures. Brightness, color temperature, falloff and direction are already included in IES lights to produce the most realistic lighting. Cinema 4D already includes several pre-defined, ready-to-go setups.
Cinema 4D’s amazing Physical Sky makes it easy to create natural outdoor surroundings for your scene. A large collection of presets including clouds, haze, atmosphere and global positioning helps you to set up the fitting environment.
Windows: Windows 10 64-bit on Intel or AMD 64-bit CPU with SSE3 support
MacOS: 10.14 or higher with 64-bit CPU running on Intel-based Apple Macintosh
To run future releases of Cinema 4D on Mac, you’ll need at least macOS 10.14 and a supported Mac system with at least macOS GPU Family 1_v3. You can check the Metal compatibility in the MacOS System Information, Graphics tab.
We recommend updating to macOS 10.15. There are a number of enhancements to Metal in the latest macOS which will improve the performance, stability and interaction with the viewport.
OS: macOS 10.14 or higher
Metal: macOS GPUFamily1 v3 or higher (see about this Mac → System report → Graphics/Displays)
GPU: only official supported hardware by Apple (feature set macOS GPUFamily1 v3+)
e-GPU: only official supported hardware (please refer to https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT208544)
Although Cinema 4D support all OpenGL 4.1 or Metal GPUFamily1 v3-capable graphics cards, we recommend using a dedicated 3D graphics card with an AMD or NVIDIA chip set.
Maxon is not responsible for the compatibility of individual graphics cards with the OpenGL, OpenCL or Metal mode. Due to the large number and types of available chip sets, operating systems and driver versions we cannot guarantee the compatibility of all systems.
Please make sure that you always use the most current official graphics card driver (no beta versions).
What’s new in S22?
New UV Workflow Enhancements, Improved Packing and Automatic UVs
Improved selection tools, visualization tools and a progressive unwrapping workflow make it much simpler to define a UV map, while new packing algorithms optimize texture resolution. A new automatic UV unwrapping option based on the Ministry of Flat licensed technology developed by Eskil Steenberg of Quel Solaar makes it easy to create a basic unwrap with minimal distortion and overlaps for baking and texture painting.
Cinema 4D’s new viewport core provides a framework to make the best use of graphics technology in the coming years, with full support for Apple Metal. Users enjoy a more accurate view of the 3D scene, improved filtering and multi-instance performance.
Pipeline – GTLF export, GoZ Integration and More
GLTF export offers users a flexible and efficient format for sharing 3D animations on the web and within AR applications, while GoZ integration offers a smooth workflow with Pixologic Z-Brush for advanced sculpting. Support for Nodal materials within FBX and
Cineware expands the pipeline for advanced materials.
Modeling Tools Improvements
In addition to many small usability enhancements, modeling tools are faster and more robust, and better preserve mesh attributes like UV and vertex maps, thanks to a new core architecture.
Organizational Licensing Options
Volume License Customers can leverage organizational accounts within the MyMaxon ecosystem to assign licenses to individual users or groups, coupling the flexibility of floating licenses with the accessibility and reliability of Maxon’s servers.
What’s new in R21?
There’s more to the all-new Caps and Bevels than just fancy logos and text, and the enhancements to Volume Modeling and the Modeling Core Updates offer more efficient and accelerated workflows.
New Caps and Bevels
We’ve completely reinvented the creation of 3D fontography in Cinema 4D with improved constraints and internal bevels, Delaunay cap skinning, and a new library of bevel presets including the ability to draw your own bevel profiles. But this feature is more than just fancy fonts and text – caps and bevels are integrated on all the spline-based objects – lathe, loft, sweep, etc. for unlimited possibilities. Caps and bevels are created as a single object, with additional and more obvious selection sets for Shells and Edges. There’s even an option for linking start and end caps.
Volume Modeling Enhancements
Since its introduction last year, you’ve been creating amazing organic shapes from simple objects with Cinema 4D’s OpenVDB-based Volume Builder. Based on your feedback, we’ve streamlined and improved the workflow of this incredibly powerful toolset.
CACHE LAYER – With the Cache Layer you can store the results of multiple VDB layers for faster workflow when creating complex models and effects. Caches can be used as the foundation for further adjustments and cleared at any time.
VECTOR VOLUMES – Create dramatic forms based on shape outlines with new Vector Volumes. The direction values stored in these volumes can be used in the Field Force or Target Effector to guide particles, dynamic effects and MoGraph objects.
Other Volume Modeling Enhancements
IMPROVED UI FOR VOLUME FILTERS – Fog Volumes can now be filtered via Multiply or Invert operations, and VDB filter types are now available as dedicated objects so can be added and managed more easily.
SPLINE UI TO DEFINE SCALE ALONG SPLINE – Gain ultimate control over volumes based on splines with a curve-based UI to adjust the thickness of the volume at each point along the spline’s length.
VERTEX MAPS FOR CURVATURE – Create Curvature maps when meshing a volume to use when shading and defining MoGraph and field-based effects. Add clones in the nooks and color the crannies to your heart’s content.
Modeling Core Updates
You’ll enjoy improvements to primitives and several key modeling tools as part of the ongoing migration to Cinema 4D’s new modeling core. It’s now possible to copy and paste points and polygons between objects and scenes. Primitive caps are now automatically welded. The modeling commands you use most – Extrude, Extrude Inner, Weld, Split and Polygon Groups to Objects – are much faster and preserve UVs and other surface attributes.
You’re going to love the new Field Forces for controlling dynamics, the Mixamo Rig for quickly and easily adding character animation and the many workflow enhancements added to Fields.
With the new Field Force dynamics object you can use the power of fields to control dynamic forces in your animations.
Fields Workflow Enhancements
CHANNEL MIX FIELD – Convert between values, color and direction in Fields to vary the strength of effects based on color or direction. Use strength or color to define direction in the new Field Force object.
SUBFIELDS WORKFLOW ENHANCEMENTS – The new hierarchical view makes it easier and more efficient to manage the subfields of other fields. For a better overview and workflow you can now see subfields in the main Field list.
MASK WORKFLOW – Use one or more fields to mask the effects of another field for exciting and complex results.
DEFINE NORMAL DIRECTION WITH FIELDS – Normal Tags can now be modified by fields, and have a field list (for use with Target Effector, Field Force, etc.)(for more Fields improvements see the full features list)
MIXAMO CONTROL RIG – Need a fast and flexible way to add, adjust and combine simple character animation? This new rig allows you to easily apply, adjust and mix mocap data from Adobe Mixamo, and will have your character up and running in a matter of minutes.
WEIGHTING IMPROVEMENTS – Achieve better automatic weighting thanks to new built-in algorithms and an improved Weight Manager. Use the new volumetric and heatmap modes and bone glow options, as well as a new and improved smoothing algorithm to get off to a great start with your character animation creations.
New Denoiser technology from Intel, new material nodes, improvements to the node workflow and some substantial updates to ProRender will power your creativity into amazing imagery.
Intel Open Image Denoiser
Get great renders out the door faster than ever before with the power of machine learning and Intel’s Open Image Denoiser. This breakthrough technology cleans up typical render noise so fewer iterations are needed for an acceptable image. Best of all, the denoiser is implemented as a post effect and available for Cinema 4D’s Physical Render, ProRender, Redshift and third-party render engines.
Nodes for Everyone!
You’ve told us how much you love the new Node-Based Materials introduced in Cinema 4D R20 – and how much you’d love to use the same interface with third-party render engines. Cinema 4D Release 21 introduces Node Spaces for managing nodal setups for multiple render engines within a single material, and many of the most popular external render engines are already evaluating the new API to implement their own Node Spaces.
NEW PHYSICAL RENDER NODES – You can now cache the 2D result of nodes, and generate various effects like blur, sharpen and emboss. The Cells node allows advanced control of Voronoi patterns. With the Trace Multi-Ray node you can generate advanced shading effects like ambient occlusion, blurry reflections, rounded edges and more.
PRO RENDER ENHANCEMENTS – Users on Windows and Mac can take advantage of the latest ProRender enhancements to harness the GPU for rendering. Create advanced ProRender materials using nodes and the powerful new Node Spaces. ProRender features more than 70 unique material nodes, which include the ability to render volumes. There’s also new multipass options and support for out-of-core HDRI skies.
DRAG AND DROP NODE WORKFLOW – Now you can duplicate nodes with a simple drag-and-drop, and drag to rearrange the ports within each node. New input and output nodes make it easy to untangle the wires.
PROTECT YOUR NODES – Export encrypted versions of node assets to sell or share without exposing the details of your handiwork.
Create your own custom passes by using the power of AOVs. You can create a pass for every node you might need for your final composite.
Cinema 4D has been given a facelift with support for HiDPI displays and some menu adjustments. The new Asset Inspector makes it easy to find/link/collect assets and the UV Transform Tool provides some additional tools for managing UVs.
Easy on the Eyes and Quick on the Draw
Cinema 4D has gotten a facelift, but there’s great benefits below the surface as well. You’ll enjoy clear, anti-aliased display of HiDPI UI elements – on Windows and Mac. High-res displays push more pixels, but Cinema 4D’s managers have been optimized to perform better than ever before. An updated look-and-feel also provides a more modern UI with improved colors.
A Better UX for You
You’ll feel right at home with Cinema 4D’s updated menus
NEW DEFAULTS – Get up and running right away with updated defaults based on the most common user tweaks.
MENU RE-ORGANIZATION – It’s easier than ever to find the command or tag you need thanks to updated menus. Features are always quick at hand thanks to Commander, which now remembers the last thing you did.
MAC-OS ENHANCEMENTS – On macOS, the Cinema 4D main menu now appears where it should – at the top of the screen, giving you more workspace than before. macOS Dark Screen Support helps you focus on your work rather than on the interface. And thanks to the HiDPI support, the Cinema 4D interface looks super crisp on Apple’s hi-res displays.
No more harmful UVs
Cinema 4D Release 21 lays the groundwork for future UV enhancements, with an improved Texture / UV view that’s anti-aliased and faster. With the new UV Transform Tool you can modify UV points and polygons easily – tweaking position, rotation, scale, skew and distortion of entire UV sections easily. Further enhancements include a UV ruler display, option for quantized UV transformations and snapping support for UV points and edges.
Assets aren’t Liabilities
Now it’s easy to wrangle all the external files associated with your Cinema 4D projects, from textures and audio to Alembic and other caches. Cinema 4D’s Asset Inspector makes it easy to identify the assets in a scene, fix links and collect files.
CUSTOM ICONS – Organize your object manager like never before with custom, colorized icons for all your objects and tags. Choose your own image for each icon, or choose from handy presets. You can keep the colors of the image, or replace them based on a custom color or the display color of the object. It’s easier than ever for TDs to create templates and rigs anyone can understand!
EXCHANGE – Cinema 4D has always played friendly with other applications. R21 includes improved support for Solidworks, STEP, Catia, IGES and JT formats. There’s a preference to show/suppress import dialogs, and the file selector now appears after export settings. And, you have an option to import instances as regular or render versions as well as import hidden objects with a “_hidden” suffix.
TEXTURE LINKING – In Cinema 4D Release 21, you can choose whether textures are copied or linked by default, rather than dealing with a dialog each time you add a texture. This will save you millions of clicks, and that’s not an exaggeration.
This Dynamic Christmas Tree tutorial comes from Dave from CG Shortcuts. Learn how to create an animated Christmas Tree in Cinema 4D! We'll be using dynamics in C4D to build a Christmas tree out of Christmas baubles.
In this tutorial, EJ Hassenfratz from eyedesyn explains how the caps and bevels update in R21 can change the way you work with not only 3D type, but other generator objects like Sweeps and Extrude objects.
Bokeh is a type of defocus or lens blur where the blur takes on the shape of the lens diaphram. We explain how to pronounce the word, how it is created, and show lots of cool examples. Also, a few plug-ins to create a bokeh in post-production.
Demons are rising, ghosts are haunting and blood is flowing with these Halloween themed tutorials that we have collected to help take the horror out of making frightening creations. Updated: October 25, 2016.
If you apply a glass material to an enclosed object, you will see a lot of refraction, making the object look like it’s a solid mass of glass, like a bowling ball or paper weight. Noah Witchell shows you how to create the look of thin, delicate glass, the type you might see on a light bulb or nice wine glass.